[generic] Add nowvideo test hidden behind percent encoding
[ytdl] / youtube_dl / extractor / generic.py
1 # encoding: utf-8
2
3 from __future__ import unicode_literals
4
5 import os
6 import re
7
8 from .common import InfoExtractor
9 from .youtube import YoutubeIE
10 from ..utils import (
11     compat_urllib_error,
12     compat_urllib_parse,
13     compat_urllib_request,
14     compat_urlparse,
15     compat_xml_parse_error,
16
17     ExtractorError,
18     HEADRequest,
19     parse_xml,
20     smuggle_url,
21     unescapeHTML,
22     unified_strdate,
23     url_basename,
24 )
25 from .brightcove import BrightcoveIE
26 from .ooyala import OoyalaIE
27
28
29 class GenericIE(InfoExtractor):
30     IE_DESC = 'Generic downloader that works on some sites'
31     _VALID_URL = r'.*'
32     IE_NAME = 'generic'
33     _TESTS = [
34         {
35             'url': 'http://www.hodiho.fr/2013/02/regis-plante-sa-jeep.html',
36             'file': '13601338388002.mp4',
37             'md5': '6e15c93721d7ec9e9ca3fdbf07982cfd',
38             'info_dict': {
39                 'uploader': 'www.hodiho.fr',
40                 'title': 'R\u00e9gis plante sa Jeep',
41             }
42         },
43         # bandcamp page with custom domain
44         {
45             'add_ie': ['Bandcamp'],
46             'url': 'http://bronyrock.com/track/the-pony-mash',
47             'file': '3235767654.mp3',
48             'info_dict': {
49                 'title': 'The Pony Mash',
50                 'uploader': 'M_Pallante',
51             },
52             'skip': 'There is a limit of 200 free downloads / month for the test song',
53         },
54         # embedded brightcove video
55         # it also tests brightcove videos that need to set the 'Referer' in the
56         # http requests
57         {
58             'add_ie': ['Brightcove'],
59             'url': 'http://www.bfmtv.com/video/bfmbusiness/cours-bourse/cours-bourse-l-analyse-technique-154522/',
60             'info_dict': {
61                 'id': '2765128793001',
62                 'ext': 'mp4',
63                 'title': 'Le cours de bourse : l’analyse technique',
64                 'description': 'md5:7e9ad046e968cb2d1114004aba466fd9',
65                 'uploader': 'BFM BUSINESS',
66             },
67             'params': {
68                 'skip_download': True,
69             },
70         },
71         {
72             # https://github.com/rg3/youtube-dl/issues/2253
73             'url': 'http://bcove.me/i6nfkrc3',
74             'file': '3101154703001.mp4',
75             'md5': '0ba9446db037002366bab3b3eb30c88c',
76             'info_dict': {
77                 'title': 'Still no power',
78                 'uploader': 'thestar.com',
79                 'description': 'Mississauga resident David Farmer is still out of power as a result of the ice storm a month ago. To keep the house warm, Farmer cuts wood from his property for a wood burning stove downstairs.',
80             },
81             'add_ie': ['Brightcove'],
82         },
83         # Direct link to a video
84         {
85             'url': 'http://media.w3.org/2010/05/sintel/trailer.mp4',
86             'md5': '67d406c2bcb6af27fa886f31aa934bbe',
87             'info_dict': {
88                 'id': 'trailer',
89                 'ext': 'mp4',
90                 'title': 'trailer',
91                 'upload_date': '20100513',
92             }
93         },
94         # ooyala video
95         {
96             'url': 'http://www.rollingstone.com/music/videos/norwegian-dj-cashmere-cat-goes-spartan-on-with-me-premiere-20131219',
97             'md5': '5644c6ca5d5782c1d0d350dad9bd840c',
98             'info_dict': {
99                 'id': 'BwY2RxaTrTkslxOfcan0UCf0YqyvWysJ',
100                 'ext': 'mp4',
101                 'title': '2cc213299525360.mov',  # that's what we get
102             },
103         },
104         # google redirect
105         {
106             'url': 'http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCUQtwIwAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DcmQHVoWB5FY&ei=F-sNU-LLCaXk4QT52ICQBQ&usg=AFQjCNEw4hL29zgOohLXvpJ-Bdh2bils1Q&bvm=bv.61965928,d.bGE',
107             'info_dict': {
108                 'id': 'cmQHVoWB5FY',
109                 'ext': 'mp4',
110                 'upload_date': '20130224',
111                 'uploader_id': 'TheVerge',
112                 'description': 'Chris Ziegler takes a look at the Alcatel OneTouch Fire and the ZTE Open; two of the first Firefox OS handsets to be officially announced.',
113                 'uploader': 'The Verge',
114                 'title': 'First Firefox OS phones side-by-side',
115             },
116             'params': {
117                 'skip_download': False,
118             }
119         },
120         # embed.ly video
121         {
122             'url': 'http://www.tested.com/science/weird/460206-tested-grinding-coffee-2000-frames-second/',
123             'info_dict': {
124                 'id': '9ODmcdjQcHQ',
125                 'ext': 'mp4',
126                 'title': 'Tested: Grinding Coffee at 2000 Frames Per Second',
127                 'upload_date': '20140225',
128                 'description': 'md5:06a40fbf30b220468f1e0957c0f558ff',
129                 'uploader': 'Tested',
130                 'uploader_id': 'testedcom',
131             },
132             # No need to test YoutubeIE here
133             'params': {
134                 'skip_download': True,
135             },
136         },
137         # funnyordie embed
138         {
139             'url': 'http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/11/obama-zach-galifianakis-between-two-ferns',
140             'md5': '7cf780be104d40fea7bae52eed4a470e',
141             'info_dict': {
142                 'id': '18e820ec3f',
143                 'ext': 'mp4',
144                 'title': 'Between Two Ferns with Zach Galifianakis: President Barack Obama',
145                 'description': 'Episode 18: President Barack Obama sits down with Zach Galifianakis for his most memorable interview yet.',
146             }
147         },
148         # nowvideo embed hidden behind percent encoding
149         {
150             'url': 'http://www.waoanime.tv/the-super-dimension-fortress-macross-episode-1/',
151             'md5': '2baf4ddd70f697d94b1c18cf796d5107',
152             'info_dict': {
153                 'id': '06e53103ca9aa',
154                 'ext': 'flv',
155                 'title': 'Macross Episode 001  Watch Macross Episode 001 onl',
156                 'description': 'No description',
157             },
158         }
159     ]
160
161     def report_download_webpage(self, video_id):
162         """Report webpage download."""
163         if not self._downloader.params.get('test', False):
164             self._downloader.report_warning('Falling back on generic information extractor.')
165         super(GenericIE, self).report_download_webpage(video_id)
166
167     def report_following_redirect(self, new_url):
168         """Report information extraction."""
169         self._downloader.to_screen('[redirect] Following redirect to %s' % new_url)
170
171     def _send_head(self, url):
172         """Check if it is a redirect, like url shorteners, in case return the new url."""
173
174         class HEADRedirectHandler(compat_urllib_request.HTTPRedirectHandler):
175             """
176             Subclass the HTTPRedirectHandler to make it use our
177             HEADRequest also on the redirected URL
178             """
179             def redirect_request(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers, newurl):
180                 if code in (301, 302, 303, 307):
181                     newurl = newurl.replace(' ', '%20')
182                     newheaders = dict((k,v) for k,v in req.headers.items()
183                                       if k.lower() not in ("content-length", "content-type"))
184                     return HEADRequest(newurl,
185                                        headers=newheaders,
186                                        origin_req_host=req.get_origin_req_host(),
187                                        unverifiable=True)
188                 else:
189                     raise compat_urllib_error.HTTPError(req.get_full_url(), code, msg, headers, fp)
190
191         class HTTPMethodFallback(compat_urllib_request.BaseHandler):
192             """
193             Fallback to GET if HEAD is not allowed (405 HTTP error)
194             """
195             def http_error_405(self, req, fp, code, msg, headers):
196                 fp.read()
197                 fp.close()
198
199                 newheaders = dict((k,v) for k,v in req.headers.items()
200                                   if k.lower() not in ("content-length", "content-type"))
201                 return self.parent.open(compat_urllib_request.Request(req.get_full_url(),
202                                                  headers=newheaders,
203                                                  origin_req_host=req.get_origin_req_host(),
204                                                  unverifiable=True))
205
206         # Build our opener
207         opener = compat_urllib_request.OpenerDirector()
208         for handler in [compat_urllib_request.HTTPHandler, compat_urllib_request.HTTPDefaultErrorHandler,
209                         HTTPMethodFallback, HEADRedirectHandler,
210                         compat_urllib_request.HTTPErrorProcessor, compat_urllib_request.HTTPSHandler]:
211             opener.add_handler(handler())
212
213         response = opener.open(HEADRequest(url))
214         if response is None:
215             raise ExtractorError('Invalid URL protocol')
216         return response
217
218     def _extract_rss(self, url, video_id, doc):
219         playlist_title = doc.find('./channel/title').text
220         playlist_desc_el = doc.find('./channel/description')
221         playlist_desc = None if playlist_desc_el is None else playlist_desc_el.text
222
223         entries = [{
224             '_type': 'url',
225             'url': e.find('link').text,
226             'title': e.find('title').text,
227         } for e in doc.findall('./channel/item')]
228
229         return {
230             '_type': 'playlist',
231             'id': url,
232             'title': playlist_title,
233             'description': playlist_desc,
234             'entries': entries,
235         }
236
237     def _real_extract(self, url):
238         parsed_url = compat_urlparse.urlparse(url)
239         if not parsed_url.scheme:
240             default_search = self._downloader.params.get('default_search')
241             if default_search is None:
242                 default_search = 'auto'
243
244             if default_search == 'auto':
245                 if '/' in url:
246                     self._downloader.report_warning('The url doesn\'t specify the protocol, trying with http')
247                     return self.url_result('http://' + url)
248                 else:
249                     return self.url_result('ytsearch:' + url)
250             else:
251                 assert ':' in default_search
252                 return self.url_result(default_search + url)
253         video_id = os.path.splitext(url.rstrip('/').split('/')[-1])[0]
254
255         self.to_screen('%s: Requesting header' % video_id)
256
257         try:
258             response = self._send_head(url)
259
260             # Check for redirect
261             new_url = response.geturl()
262             if url != new_url:
263                 self.report_following_redirect(new_url)
264                 return self.url_result(new_url)
265
266             # Check for direct link to a video
267             content_type = response.headers.get('Content-Type', '')
268             m = re.match(r'^(?P<type>audio|video|application(?=/ogg$))/(?P<format_id>.+)$', content_type)
269             if m:
270                 upload_date = response.headers.get('Last-Modified')
271                 if upload_date:
272                     upload_date = unified_strdate(upload_date)
273                 return {
274                     'id': video_id,
275                     'title': os.path.splitext(url_basename(url))[0],
276                     'formats': [{
277                         'format_id': m.group('format_id'),
278                         'url': url,
279                         'vcodec': 'none' if m.group('type') == 'audio' else None
280                     }],
281                     'upload_date': upload_date,
282                 }
283
284         except compat_urllib_error.HTTPError:
285             # This may be a stupid server that doesn't like HEAD, our UA, or so
286             pass
287
288         try:
289             webpage = self._download_webpage(url, video_id)
290         except ValueError:
291             # since this is the last-resort InfoExtractor, if
292             # this error is thrown, it'll be thrown here
293             raise ExtractorError('Failed to download URL: %s' % url)
294
295         self.report_extraction(video_id)
296
297         # Is it an RSS feed?
298         try:
299             doc = parse_xml(webpage)
300             if doc.tag == 'rss':
301                 return self._extract_rss(url, video_id, doc)
302         except compat_xml_parse_error:
303             pass
304
305         # Sometimes embedded video player is hidden behind percent encoding
306         # (e.g. https://github.com/rg3/youtube-dl/issues/2448)
307         # Unescaping the whole page allows to handle those cases in a generic way
308         webpage = compat_urllib_parse.unquote(webpage)
309
310         # it's tempting to parse this further, but you would
311         # have to take into account all the variations like
312         #   Video Title - Site Name
313         #   Site Name | Video Title
314         #   Video Title - Tagline | Site Name
315         # and so on and so forth; it's just not practical
316         video_title = self._html_search_regex(
317             r'(?s)<title>(.*?)</title>', webpage, 'video title',
318             default='video')
319
320         # video uploader is domain name
321         video_uploader = self._search_regex(
322             r'^(?:https?://)?([^/]*)/.*', url, 'video uploader')
323
324         # Look for BrightCove:
325         bc_urls = BrightcoveIE._extract_brightcove_urls(webpage)
326         if bc_urls:
327             self.to_screen('Brightcove video detected.')
328             entries = [{
329                 '_type': 'url',
330                 'url': smuggle_url(bc_url, {'Referer': url}),
331                 'ie_key': 'Brightcove'
332             } for bc_url in bc_urls]
333
334             return {
335                 '_type': 'playlist',
336                 'title': video_title,
337                 'id': video_id,
338                 'entries': entries,
339             }
340
341         # Look for embedded (iframe) Vimeo player
342         mobj = re.search(
343             r'<iframe[^>]+?src="((?:https?:)?//player\.vimeo\.com/video/.+?)"', webpage)
344         if mobj:
345             player_url = unescapeHTML(mobj.group(1))
346             surl = smuggle_url(player_url, {'Referer': url})
347             return self.url_result(surl, 'Vimeo')
348
349         # Look for embedded (swf embed) Vimeo player
350         mobj = re.search(
351             r'<embed[^>]+?src="(https?://(?:www\.)?vimeo\.com/moogaloop\.swf.+?)"', webpage)
352         if mobj:
353             return self.url_result(mobj.group(1), 'Vimeo')
354
355         # Look for embedded YouTube player
356         matches = re.findall(r'''(?x)
357             (?:<iframe[^>]+?src=|embedSWF\(\s*)
358             (["\'])(?P<url>(?:https?:)?//(?:www\.)?youtube\.com/
359                 (?:embed|v)/.+?)
360             \1''', webpage)
361         if matches:
362             urlrs = [self.url_result(unescapeHTML(tuppl[1]), 'Youtube')
363                      for tuppl in matches]
364             return self.playlist_result(
365                 urlrs, playlist_id=video_id, playlist_title=video_title)
366
367         # Look for embedded Dailymotion player
368         matches = re.findall(
369             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>(?:https?:)?//(?:www\.)?dailymotion\.com/embed/video/.+?)\1', webpage)
370         if matches:
371             urlrs = [self.url_result(unescapeHTML(tuppl[1]), 'Dailymotion')
372                      for tuppl in matches]
373             return self.playlist_result(
374                 urlrs, playlist_id=video_id, playlist_title=video_title)
375
376         # Look for embedded Wistia player
377         match = re.search(
378             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>(?:https?:)?//(?:fast\.)?wistia\.net/embed/iframe/.+?)\1', webpage)
379         if match:
380             return {
381                 '_type': 'url_transparent',
382                 'url': unescapeHTML(match.group('url')),
383                 'ie_key': 'Wistia',
384                 'uploader': video_uploader,
385                 'title': video_title,
386                 'id': video_id,
387             }
388
389         # Look for embedded blip.tv player
390         mobj = re.search(r'<meta\s[^>]*https?://api\.blip\.tv/\w+/redirect/\w+/(\d+)', webpage)
391         if mobj:
392             return self.url_result('http://blip.tv/a/a-'+mobj.group(1), 'BlipTV')
393         mobj = re.search(r'<(?:iframe|embed|object)\s[^>]*(https?://(?:\w+\.)?blip\.tv/(?:play/|api\.swf#)[a-zA-Z0-9]+)', webpage)
394         if mobj:
395             return self.url_result(mobj.group(1), 'BlipTV')
396
397         # Look for Bandcamp pages with custom domain
398         mobj = re.search(r'<meta property="og:url"[^>]*?content="(.*?bandcamp\.com.*?)"', webpage)
399         if mobj is not None:
400             burl = unescapeHTML(mobj.group(1))
401             # Don't set the extractor because it can be a track url or an album
402             return self.url_result(burl)
403
404         # Look for embedded Vevo player
405         mobj = re.search(
406             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>(?:https?:)?//(?:cache\.)?vevo\.com/.+?)\1', webpage)
407         if mobj is not None:
408             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'))
409
410         # Look for Ooyala videos
411         mobj = re.search(r'player.ooyala.com/[^"?]+\?[^"]*?(?:embedCode|ec)=([^"&]+)', webpage)
412         if mobj is not None:
413             return OoyalaIE._build_url_result(mobj.group(1))
414
415         # Look for Aparat videos
416         mobj = re.search(r'<iframe src="(http://www\.aparat\.com/video/[^"]+)"', webpage)
417         if mobj is not None:
418             return self.url_result(mobj.group(1), 'Aparat')
419
420         # Look for MPORA videos
421         mobj = re.search(r'<iframe .*?src="(http://mpora\.(?:com|de)/videos/[^"]+)"', webpage)
422         if mobj is not None:
423             return self.url_result(mobj.group(1), 'Mpora')
424
425         # Look for embedded NovaMov player
426         mobj = re.search(
427             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>http://(?:(?:embed|www)\.)?novamov\.com/embed\.php.+?)\1', webpage)
428         if mobj is not None:
429             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'), 'NovaMov')
430
431         # Look for embedded NowVideo player
432         mobj = re.search(
433             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>http://(?:(?:embed|www)\.)?nowvideo\.(?:ch|sx|eu)/embed\.php.+?)\1', webpage)
434         if mobj is not None:
435             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'), 'NowVideo')
436
437         # Look for embedded Facebook player
438         mobj = re.search(
439             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>https://www\.facebook\.com/video/embed.+?)\1', webpage)
440         if mobj is not None:
441             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'), 'Facebook')
442
443         # Look for embedded VK player
444         mobj = re.search(r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>https?://vk\.com/video_ext\.php.+?)\1', webpage)
445         if mobj is not None:
446             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'), 'VK')
447
448         # Look for embedded Huffington Post player
449         mobj = re.search(
450             r'<iframe[^>]+?src=(["\'])(?P<url>https?://embed\.live\.huffingtonpost\.com/.+?)\1', webpage)
451         if mobj is not None:
452             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'), 'HuffPost')
453
454         # Look for embed.ly
455         mobj = re.search(r'class=["\']embedly-card["\'][^>]href=["\'](?P<url>[^"\']+)', webpage)
456         if mobj is not None:
457             return self.url_result(mobj.group('url'))
458         mobj = re.search(r'class=["\']embedly-embed["\'][^>]src=["\'][^"\']*url=(?P<url>[^&]+)', webpage)
459         if mobj is not None:
460             return self.url_result(compat_urllib_parse.unquote(mobj.group('url')))
461
462         # Look for funnyordie embed
463         matches = re.findall(r'<iframe[^>]+?src="(https?://(?:www\.)?funnyordie\.com/embed/[^"]+)"', webpage)
464         if matches:
465             urlrs = [self.url_result(unescapeHTML(eurl), 'FunnyOrDie')
466                      for eurl in matches]
467             return self.playlist_result(
468                 urlrs, playlist_id=video_id, playlist_title=video_title)
469
470         # Start with something easy: JW Player in SWFObject
471         mobj = re.search(r'flashvars: [\'"](?:.*&)?file=(http[^\'"&]*)', webpage)
472         if mobj is None:
473             # Look for gorilla-vid style embedding
474             mobj = re.search(r'(?s)(?:jw_plugins|JWPlayerOptions).*?file\s*:\s*["\'](.*?)["\']', webpage)
475         if mobj is None:
476             # Broaden the search a little bit
477             mobj = re.search(r'[^A-Za-z0-9]?(?:file|source)=(http[^\'"&]*)', webpage)
478         if mobj is None:
479             # Broaden the search a little bit: JWPlayer JS loader
480             mobj = re.search(r'[^A-Za-z0-9]?file["\']?:\s*["\'](http(?![^\'"]+\.[0-9]+[\'"])[^\'"]+)["\']', webpage)
481         if mobj is None:
482             # Try to find twitter cards info
483             mobj = re.search(r'<meta (?:property|name)="twitter:player:stream" (?:content|value)="(.+?)"', webpage)
484         if mobj is None:
485             # We look for Open Graph info:
486             # We have to match any number spaces between elements, some sites try to align them (eg.: statigr.am)
487             m_video_type = re.search(r'<meta.*?property="og:video:type".*?content="video/(.*?)"', webpage)
488             # We only look in og:video if the MIME type is a video, don't try if it's a Flash player:
489             if m_video_type is not None:
490                 mobj = re.search(r'<meta.*?property="og:video".*?content="(.*?)"', webpage)
491         if mobj is None:
492             # HTML5 video
493             mobj = re.search(r'<video[^<]*(?:>.*?<source.*?)? src="([^"]+)"', webpage, flags=re.DOTALL)
494         if mobj is None:
495             mobj = re.search(
496                 r'(?i)<meta\s+(?=(?:[a-z-]+="[^"]+"\s+)*http-equiv="refresh")'
497                 r'(?:[a-z-]+="[^"]+"\s+)*?content="[0-9]{,2};url=\'([^\']+)\'"',
498                 webpage)
499             if mobj:
500                 new_url = mobj.group(1)
501                 self.report_following_redirect(new_url)
502                 return {
503                     '_type': 'url',
504                     'url': new_url,
505                 }
506         if mobj is None:
507             raise ExtractorError('Unsupported URL: %s' % url)
508
509         # It's possible that one of the regexes
510         # matched, but returned an empty group:
511         if mobj.group(1) is None:
512             raise ExtractorError('Did not find a valid video URL at %s' % url)
513
514         video_url = mobj.group(1)
515         video_url = compat_urlparse.urljoin(url, video_url)
516         video_id = compat_urllib_parse.unquote(os.path.basename(video_url))
517
518         # Sometimes, jwplayer extraction will result in a YouTube URL
519         if YoutubeIE.suitable(video_url):
520             return self.url_result(video_url, 'Youtube')
521
522         # here's a fun little line of code for you:
523         video_id = os.path.splitext(video_id)[0]
524
525         return {
526             'id': video_id,
527             'url': video_url,
528             'uploader': video_uploader,
529             'title': video_title,
530         }